If you only want to install Debian on a single machine which has a fast Internet connection, the network install may be the fastest and easiest option for you: You only download the packages that you selected for installation on your machine, which saves both time and bandwidth. For example, if you already have the full set of debian There are two types of images, the binary CDs that contain precompiled, ready-to-run programs, and the source CDs that contain the source code for the programs. The vast majority of people do not need the source CDs; you should not download them unless you really have a good reason for it.
Debian has a quite strict view with regard to the licenses of software: Only software that is Free in the sense of the Debian Free Software Guidelines is allowed into the actual distribution.
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All the other, non-free software for example, software for which source code is not available is not supported officially. The official CDs may freely be used, copied and sold by anyone anywhere in the world. Packages of the non-free category have restrictions that conflict with this, so these packages are not placed on the official CDs.
Sometimes, someone is kind enough to create unofficial non-free CDs. If you cannot find any links on this website, you can try asking on the debian-cd mailing list.
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Yes - Debian offers DVD images for the current stable release. Additionally, as far as we know, Debian is the only Linux distribution to offer weekly full-size DVD images for download! Because of their size, these images are distributed with jigdo.
What's the difference between official and unofficial images? Official images are built by a member of the Debian CD team and have undergone some testing to ensure they work. Once they have been released, the images never change - if they turn out to be broken, a new set with a different version number is released.
Unofficial images can be built by anyone - CD team members, other Debian developers or even advanced Debian users. Typically, they are more up-to-date, but have received less testing. Some have new features e. You do not need to install anything on the hard drive. All programs run directly from the medium.
The Debian Live Project produces live image files for a variety of system types and media.
If your Debian disc fails to boot, first ensure that you have correctly written it to the medium - please see the explanation above. Additionally, please check whether your BIOS is set up to boot from your optical drive. Where are the images for M68K, Hurd or other architectures? Are images for the unstable distribution available? Due to the fact that the packages in unstable change so quickly, it is more appropriate for people to download and install unstable using a normal Debian HTTP mirror.
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If you are aware of the risks of running unstable , but still want to install it, you have a few choices:. To find out which image contains a certain file, use the cdimage search tool. Can I have a list of all the packages contained in an image? Look on cdimage. For Debian Live images, you can find in the same directory as the image files some similarly named files suffixed with.
Download these and then search them for the desired package name. The software on the official CDs is outdated - why don't you release a new version?
bbmpay.veritrans.co.id/conocer-gente-ejea-de-los-caballeros.php We only make official releases of the stable distribution when we think they truly deserve that name. Unfortunately, this means that stable releases only happen about every 2 years If you require more recent versions of some of the software in Debian, you can install stable and then upgrade via the net those parts you want to the versions from testing - it is possible to mix software from the different releases. Alternatively, try out the images of testing that are generated automatically every week. More information about testing security support is available from the security FAQ.
If you only need newer versions of specific packages, you can also try the backports service, which takes packages from testing and modifies them to work on stable. This option may be safer than installing the same package directly from testing. How do I know if I am downloading the newest images? The note at the bottom of the Debian on CD page always shows the version number of the latest release.
How can I verify the downloaded ISO images and written optical media? Detailed information on how to authenticate the signed checksum files containing the checksums of the ISO image files is available on the authenticity verification page. After cryptographically verifying the checksum files, we can check that:. The problem with the verification of written optical media is that some media types will possibly return more bytes than those found in the ISO image.
Therefore, we need to read exactly the same number of sectors of data from the media as are found in the ISO image itself; reading any more bytes from the media will alter the checksum result. Most likely, the tool you use for downloading the image does not have large file support, i. For example, if the DVD image is 4. Some old versions of wget also suffer from this problem - either upgrade to a version of wget which does not have this restriction or use the curl command line download tool: curl -C - [URL]. Note that they're all frontends to the previously mentioned low-level burning applications.
This might be a little problem on older versions of Windows, as many Windows image-burning programs use their own formats for CD images. To burn the. Some programs do not offer these choices; use another burning program instead ask a friend or colleague. Here is some information about how to write CD images with specific products:. If you can provide updated information or details for other programs, please let us know.
The Toast program for Mac OS is reported to work fine with. You can be extra-safe by giving it the creator code CDr3 or possibly CDr4 and type code iImg using e. Double-clicking on the file will then open up Toast directly, without having to drag-and-drop or go via the File-Open menu. Ensure that the settings are correct, then click on Burn. Several of the Debian and Debian Live images, notably all i, amd64 and arm64 images, are created using the isohybrid technology, which means that they may be used in two different ways:. Additionally to the method above for Linux systems, there is also the win32diskimager program available, which allows writing such bootable USB flash drives under Windows.
Please note, that Debian advises not using unetbootin for this task. It can cause difficult-to-diagnose problems with booting and installing, so is not recommended. There is no obligatory way of labeling. However, we suggest you use the following scheme to ensure interchangeability:. Note that you are allowed to use the Official designation only on CDs the image of which has a checksum that matches the one from the jigdo files of official releases.
Any CD that has no matching checksum e. In the case of official weekly snapshots, version numbers like 6. Instead, label the image with a codename like etch or a distribution name like testing. Also add Snapshot and the date of the snapshot to help identify it:. Please see the separate artwork page.
Some older images are available from the archive section on cdimage. For example, you might want to try out older images if you need support for a certain sub architecture which has been dropped for a newer release.